Pregnancy is an enjoyable, exciting and wonderful time in a woman’s life, as she gets to bring in a future and allows nature to inculcate the changes in her body & mind. When a woman is pregnant it is important that she is taking care of her body to the best of her ability to create the best possible environment for her baby.
Other than pregnancy tests and ultrasounds, there are other signs and symptoms you can look out for to know if you’re pregnant. The earliest sign of pregnancy is not only a missed period but a few other things too.
Your first week of pregnancy is decided by the date of your last menstrual period. The last menstrual cycle of the respective month is considered the first week of pregnancy, even if you weren’t actually pregnant yet.
Ten common early signs and symptoms of pregnancy include:
- Tender breasts
- Early fatigue
- Cramping and spotting
- Bloating and constipation
- Nausea and headaches
- Mood changes
- Lower back pain
- Morning sickness
Once implantation is complete, your body will begin to produce human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). This hormone helps the body to maintain the pregnancy and increases in large numbers till the delivery. It also tells the ovaries to stop releasing mature eggs each month which is called as no periods now for the next nine months. A pregnancy test will be able to detect hCG levels in your urine and blood and show if you are pregnant.
During pregnancy, your body increases the amount of blood which causes the kidney to produce more fluids than usual and leads to a heavy bladder giving a feel of fullness. Increased levels of hormones also play a major role in bladder health. You may keep on running to the washroom very frequently or also undergo accidental leaking after every half an hour.
TENDER BREASTS, NAUSEA AND HEADACHES
The sudden rise of hormones in your body can cause headaches in early pregnancy. A roller coaster of changes takes place in a female body after conception. Your breasts tend to become sore and swollen because of hormonal imbalances causing irritation and sometimes pain.
Occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy, early fatigue eventually gets better with the start of the second trimester and returns back in the third trimester, though it varies from pregnancy to pregnancy. During the first trimester, a huge amount of energy is required for building a life-support system for your baby’s growth and development, namely the placenta, which is why you might be feeling extra fatigued. Your blood sugar levels and blood pressure are also at lower levels as now you are sharing everything with your baby. Hormones, especially increased progesterone levels, are responsible for making you sleepy and lazy.
CRAMPING AND SPOTTING
During implantation of the egg, some bleeding can take place in some females which can be mistaken for a light period. This can last for two to three days and does not require any treatment. Abdominal cramps can be felt along with spotting, giving a feel of periods. But it can be a misnomer and should not be ignored.
BLOATING AND CONSTIPATION
Bloating may occur due to hormonal changes which can also slow your digestive system. You may feel constipated leading to a bloated abdomen. Because of release of much more progesterone, the body makes more gas during pregnancy. These relaxed muscles slow down the rate of digestion, leading to gas, bloating, burping and uncomfortable sensations in the gut.
Every female has a different body, different stamina and feelings. Some may undergo major changes and some may take it as a walk in the park! It’s best to note your symptoms and consult a specialist to be absolutely sure of all your symptoms.
Have questions? Ask us in the comments below!