Skin Allergies in Babies - Causes & Prevention
Baby skin is more sensitive and prone to develop allergies and rashes than the skin of an adult. But unlike adults, babies cannot tolerate the pain and irritation that comes along. Baby allergies and toddler allergies are not uncommon, and scratching the rash can sometimes infect it and worsen it.
Thus, parents and caregivers need to identify the symptoms and causes of baby skin allergies and rashes to prevent and cure them on priority. But, first, let us try to understand what exactly baby skin allergy is?
What is a Baby Skin Allergy?
Skin allergies or baby rash are usually a result of an allergen. When something that touches a baby's skin, something a baby consumes orally, or at times is ever around the baby, can cause an inflammatory response on the skin. This results in a rash, hive, eczema, or other severe forms of allergic reactions.
What Can Cause Rashes or Baby Skin Allergy?
Any of the following can cause a rash or allergy on a baby's skin –
Pre-existing Baby Skin Conditions– Rashes and hives can frequently appear for kids with pre-existing skin conditions such as eczema, dermatitis, etc.
Drool– Babies drool a lot when they are teething. Constant wiping the chin and skin around the lips can lead to small red bumps, which look like an allergy but are caused by friction and are minor rashes.
Food Allergens– Some babies are intolerant to food items like lactose, nuts, fish, etc. Consuming that can result in a hive or a skin allergic reaction.
Personal Care Product– Chemicals and fragrances present in certain skincare products, laundry detergents, soaps, and shampoos can also lead to rashes and allergies for babies with sensitive skin.
Fabrics– Making babies wear synthetic and polyesters can also lead to an allergic reaction and rash on the baby's skin. However, kids' underwear made of Modal or Cotton, such as SuperBottoms Kids Underwear , comfort wear, and newborn Jhablas made of soft fabrics such as Mulmul cotton such as comfort wear range by SuperBottoms can avoid such allergies and rashes.
Heat and Friction– One might notice tiny bumps and red rashes on baby skin in summers. These are caused by heat and clothes rubbing on the baby's skin and creating friction.
Dampness– A damp diaper or nappy can also cause a nappy rash for babies. This is not an allergy but a rash caused due to dampness in the diaper area. Choosing cloth diapers such as SuperBottoms UNO can save your little one from the horror of these nasty diaper rashes.
Types of Baby Allergies
The most common types of allergic reactions in babies include the following –
Diaper Rash –one of the most common types of skin rash or allergy. It is caused due to dampness in the diaper area or sometimes due to constant wiping and cleaning if the baby has diarrhoea.
Eczema -leads to dry, flaky skin, redness, and itching on areas such as the face, behind the knees, or arms.
Hives –generally an allergic reaction to some medication or food; hives are itchy raised welts on the skin.
Drool Rash –teething babies experience this around their lips, chin, neck, and chest. They are caused because of constant drooling and wiping off the drool.
Cradle Cap -a harmless and easy to treat thick and flaky dandruff-like fungus that develops on the scalp of young babies.
Prickly Heat –usually caused in summers when heat is trapped inside the body and looks like small red bumps.
Milia –A viral skin infection, Milia looks like small white or pink bumps on the skin. They disappear on their own and do not itch or leave any scar once they are gone.
Food Related Baby Skin Allergy
A more severe kind of allergy, which is not very common, is food-related allergies in children. According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, about 6% of kids under 2 have food allergies. The most likely food items to which kids might have an allergy are dairy, fish, and nuts.
The symptoms of food allergies would include skin reactions such as hives and itching, or respiratory and intestinal symptoms such as vomiting, coughing, loose motions, or even blood in the stool. If your baby shows any such signs, immediately consult a doctor.
When to See a Doctor
Most allergies and rashes can easily be treated at home. But it is not always safe to assume so. Therefore, it is advised to see a paediatrician to avoid your baby's allergy rash worsening in some cases, such as –
- As mentioned above, if you see symptoms of food-related allergy
- If a fever accompanies the rash
- If the rash is spreading to other areas
- If the rash persists for more than a week
Tips to Prevent Skin Allergies in Infants
One can take some very simple steps to avoid painful and irritating rash leading to baby skin allergy treatment. Here are some simple baby skin allergies remedies and tips to prevent allergies.
Frequent diaper changes– Leaving a full and damp diaper and prolonged contact with poo or pee can lead to a diaper rash situation. Ensure you change the diaper of the baby frequently to avoid such a situation.
Keeping the Skin Clean and Dry– Between diaper changes, give your baby a little diaper-free time to let the skin air dry. This little trick helps in avoiding diaper rashes.
Irritant-free Personal Care Products– Products that might contain harmful chemicals, fragrances, fillers, etc., can result in baby skin irritation. If your baby is allergic to any of those, it can lead to an allergic reaction. Choose products that are free of harmful chemicals, such a Laundry Sheets by SuperBottoms.
Breathable Fabrics & Weather-appropriate clothing- Uncomfortable clothing or fabrics that trap heat during summers can also lead to heat rashes. Make your babies wear comfortable clothing made of fabrics such as Cotton, Modal, Mulmul, etc. Check out the comfort wear range by SuperBottoms with top and short sets made of 100% cotton & Mulmul Jhablas for newborn babies.
Almost every child experiences a rash or allergy situation at least once as a child. But if proper precautions are taken, this can be avoided. For example, the most common form of a rash – the diaper rash, can be avoided if your baby is in cloth diapers such as SuperBottoms UNO.